Well being promotion and disease prevention has always been in the forefront in the health care program. Focus continues to be always on the physical elements that contribute to the birth and progress of any disease. Few researches and studies are carried out for the psychological factors that affect the usage of well being improving behaviors. Many internal theories and models had been proposed to describe patient's well being behavior.
Both studies that we have browse and I use in my daily clinical practice are the health locus control (HLC) theory and wellness belief version (HBM). The study which uses HLC is definitely on taking care of diabetic ft . ulcers plus the second analyze is about employing HBM intended for weight management. The studies concentrate on factors that will lead an individual to adopt changes in his tendencies to promote overall health.
I usually encounter male patients in my product within the age bracket of forty five вЂ“ 65years admitted with acute heart syndrome. Their very own health examination mostly uncover unhealthy standards of living such as cigarette smoking, high cholesterol, bad diet, insufficient exercise and sedentary life which are almost all modifiable factors along with non-modifiable factors such as grow older, family history and gender.
Rotter in 1966 recommended the HLC and the internal вЂ“external positionnement scale. Relating to Rotter internal positionnement of control is the belief that positive/ negative existence changes really are a consequence on the own action whereas external locus in the control may be the belief that positive/ unfavorable life events are not related to a person's own habit and so are beyond one's personal control. Inside my daily clinical practice I take advantage of HLC to give insight to patients that unhealthy life-style are resulting in the negative craze in their overall health. Patients with high overall health values and high interior HLC's ask for more information regarding the disease and therefore are more open towards well being education, they may be more compliant with remedies and they use the support system. Health belief model (HBM) was propounded by Baranowski,...
References: Baranowski, T., Cullen, K., Nicklas, T., Thompson, D., & Baranowski, T. (2003). Are current health behavioral modify models helpful in guiding avoidance of fat gain efforts? Weight problems Research, 11(10), 23-42.
Daddario, D. T. (2007). A review of the use of the health belief version for weight management. Medsurg Breastfeeding, 16 (6), 363-366.
Przybylski, M. (2010). Health locus of control theory in diabetes: a lucrative approach in managing diabetic foot ulcers? Journal of Wound Care, 19 (6), 228-233.
Rotter, J. W. (1966). Generalized expectations pertaining to internal versus external control over reinforcement. Psychol Monogr. 1966; 80: you 1-28.